QA testing agile methodology is a testing practice that follows the principles and practices of agile software development. In contrast to the traditional waterfall approach, Agile Testing is a continuous process that begins at the project’s beginning.
It does not rely on sequentiality but allows teams to integrate testing throughout the entire development process.
Testing agile methodology plan
In the agile model, a test plan is written before each iteration and updated after each iteration. Unlike the traditional testing process, the agile model doesn’t specify what you need to test and when.
It defines what “kinds” of testing need to happen, but doesn’t address when it will happen.
Typical agile test plans include:
- Test scope
- Validated functionality
- Levels of validation based on the complexity of the feature
- Load and performance testing
- Infrastructure considerations
- Risk mitigation plan
- Resource allocation
Agile testing life cycle
The agile testing life cycle has four stages:
1. Iteration 0
During the first stage of iteration 0, you will complete the initial setup tasks. These include identifying people to test, installing testing tools, and scheduling usability lab availability and time.
Those next steps are set to accomplish these tasks in Iteration 0.
- Stating the reasons for the project
- Delimit the area and the objective of the project
- Define the key features and requirements that will drive your technical choices
- Group the candidate architecture into categories
- Making a risk assessment
- Planning in advance and estimating costs
2. Construction Iterations
Within the Agile testing methodology, the second phase is construction. This phase starts when you finish the requirement specifications. Within each iteration, which lasts between one and four weeks, a hybrid of practices from XP, Scrum, Agile modeling, and adaptive development is implemented to build an increment of the solution.
In agile development, the team prioritizes the requirements. This way, you can implement only the most important features in the next sprint. Other features that may or may not be as important will be to a later sprint.
Construction iteration is classified into two: Confirmatory testing and Investigate testing
Using confirmatory testing, a development team can verify that it has met all the specifications previously agreed upon by the team.
However, investigate testing settles the real problems and deals with issues the developers might have missed or underestimated.
Using a investigate testing, a development team can determine possible problems in their software structure and fix them before the product goes into production.
Agile acceptance testing is a combination of agile functional testing and traditional acceptance testing as the development team, and stakeholders are doing it together—as opposed to the release end game or traditional transition phase, which are focused on minimal compliance to requirements.
3. Release End Game
The goal of “Release, End Game” is to deploy your final product into production. During this stage, you’ll be training your current employees on how to use your new software (operations, usability, etc.), while also preparing for the first rollout to your clients.
During the end stage, testers will be working on its defect stories. You should execute these tasks to make sure that you put every user story correctly. After the incubation period, the product will enter the production phase.
The testing quadrants in agile
All testing activities can be separated into four quadrants according to the Agile Testing Quadrants.
The Quadrants provide relevant information on where in the process you are and what you should focus on. To get the best results from agile testing, you have to choose the right priorities at the right time.
Agile Quadrant I
Internal code quality is the top priority in this quadrant, and it is made up of technology-driven test cases that you put in place to help the team.
- Unit Tests
- Testing components
Agile Quadrant II
It includes business-driven test cases that you can implement to help the team. This Quadrant is concerned with the requirements. The type of test carried out during this phase is:
- Testing match the behaviors of your user
- Testing of user experience
- Executing user tests
Agile Quadrant III
This quadrant provides feedback to quadrants one or two. These test cases can be used to run automated tests. There are many iterations in this quadrant, which creates a high level of confidence in the product.
- Determine the usability of a product
- Interrupt-driven testing
- Running tests with users
- Breaking the software product into smaller parts and then gradually building up
- Testing your application with users
Agile Quadrant IV
This quadrant focuses on non-functional demands like effectiveness, safety, and consistency. The application is intended to provide non-functional qualities and predicted values using this quadrant.
- Non-functional testing
- Test the security concerning login and hacking
- Infrastructure testing
- Data migration testing
- Estimating load capacity
- Load testing
QA challenges associated with testing agile methodology
- Because documentation is offered less priority in agile, the possibility of error increases, placing additional stress on the QA team.
- New features are introduced quickly, which limits the time that the test team has to check whether the new feature addresses their requirements, or whether it exceeds the feature set that was agreed upon before release.
- Testers are frequently asked to take on semi-developer roles.
- The test execution cycles are extremely constricted.
- Very little time to design the test strategy.
- They will have limited time for regression testing.
- Alter their position from being a quality regulator to a quality partner.
- Changes and updates to requirements are implicit in the agile method, making QA the most difficult task.
Automation Poses a Risk in Agile Methodology
- The level of confidence in an automated UI is high, but they are slow and difficult to maintain. The benefits in efficiency may not be significant unless the team knows how to test.
- The unreliability of automated tests is a major issue. Resolving issues associated with brittle tests and fixing failed tests should be a priority.
- If the automated tests are run manually, there is a risk that they are not being run often enough, which could cause failures.
- Tests that automate the capture of and playback of manual cases encourage the testing of the UI and are inherently brittle and difficult to maintain.
- If the plan is not well thought-out or is not thought out at all, then it can lead to the test suite being ineffective.
- Metrics such as the number of test cases created or executed per day can be deceptive and may lead to investing in running useless tests.
- The automation system may suggest solutions that require a lot of maintenance, and that do not provide enough benefit.
- The automation system may not have the insight or experience to propose or deliver effective solutions.
- The success of automated systems may result in them running out of meaningful problems and turning to trivial ones.
QA agile testing methodology is a software development strategy that involves continuous development and deployment of software solutions. It demands early and continuous user involvement in the development process and has made it closer to customers. Code should be stable and should be tested when ready to filter and catch errors. Extensive regression testing is another option to ensure that the product is released with improved and improved features. Communication with the teams involved in the development process plays a crucial role in ensuring the success of an agile workflow.
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