Types of software testing – The ABCs of Software Testing

There are varied types of software testing, some of which are fully operational and some of which are non-functional. Each has its own set of qualities, abilities, benefits, and downsides.

The ABCs of software testing is a guide for those new to the field of software testing.

Types of Software Testing

Acceptance Testing

This is a test that the customer is conducting to determine if to acknowledge the system/software in compliance with the requirements and end-user requires. Is classified into four types:

  1. Contract Acceptance Testing
  2. Regulation Acceptance Testing
  3. Operational Testing
  4. Alpha Testing and Beta Testing

Beta Testing

Beta testing is a type of acceptance test that takes place at a location other than the developer’s testing environment and adheres to the rules applied outside of the development organization. This is the final test before actually releasing the software to the market, normally to a small number of end-users.

Component Testing

Component testing is a type of testing that apply to specific hardware or software parts. Regarding unit testing, the development team is responsible for component testing. The primary goal of component testing is to validate the system’s input and output behavior.

Dynamic Testing

The dynamic behavior of a code is tested during dynamic testing.

Exploratory Testing

Exploratory testing is a testing method in which testers interactively design and execute tests based on experience, investigation of the given test, and preceding test results. The various types of exploratory testing are as follows:

  • Performed random exploratory testing.
  • Exploratory testing based on scenarios.
  • Exploratory testing is based on strategy.

Functional Testing

You can use Functional testing to determine if a component or system meets specific functional specifications. The ultimate objective of functional tests is to make sure that the project works as expected and meets the expectations of the consumer.

GUI Testing

You can do GUI testing by interacting with the software under test via the GUI. The primary goal of GUI testing is to ensure that software features and functionality meet specifications by inspecting screens, buttons, and menus.

Happy Path Testing

Happy path testing is used to effectively test an application on a positive flow and therefore does not look for negative or error circumstances. Is comparable to smoke testing and sanity testing.

Integration Testing

Integration testing concentrates on the interaction of components or systems. Usually, you can do it after unit testing and before system testing.

Junit Testing

Junit is a Java unit testing framework that is open source. It is an open-source framework that is the best way to perform regression testing.

Keyword Driven Testing

Keyword-driven testing is a scripting method in which test scripts include high-level keywords as well as aiding files containing reduced scripts that enforce those keywords. Action word-based testing is another name for keyword-driven testing.

Load Testing

Load testing is a type of testing process that you can use to evaluate the behavior of a system or component under load variations, typically between minimal, typical, and maximum utilization.

Monkey Testing

A tester performs monkey testing by providing spontaneous inputs. There are no scripted test cases, and it is not important to understand the entire system’s functionality. Typically, you can test this automatically, with the user entering invalid inputs and observing the behavior.

Non-Functional Testing

You can use Non-functional testing to determine whether a component or system meets non-functional specifications. There are seven different kinds:

  1. Upgrade and Installation Testing
  2. Security Testing
  3. Recovery Testing
  4. Volume Testing
  5. Load Testing
  6. Stress Testing
  7. Performance Testing

Operational Acceptance Testing

Operational acceptance testing is a type of acceptance testing used to ascertain whether or not operations/system administration personnel can recognize a system. It’s also known as an operational readiness test (ORT) or an operational test. After you complete user acceptance testing, you can perform operational acceptance testing.

Performance Testing

Performance testing determines a component’s or system’s performance efficiency. Use It to evaluate a system’s speed, reliability, application, and robustness.

Qualification Testing

Qualification testing is used to validate the design and act as a guideline for successive acceptance tests.

Regression Testing

Regression testing is a type of software testing that detects whether deficiencies have been presented or discovered in previously unaffected aspects of the software.

Systems Testing

System testing is a type of testing that aims to determine whether a system as a whole face the stated requirements.

Top-Down Integration Testing

Top-down integration testing simulates the behavior of lower-level components that you have yet to integrate. It is also referred to as iterative integration testing, and it employs stubs as a backup option for testing purposes.

Usability Testing

Use Usability testing to assess user-friendliness. It determines whether or not a user can easily know the application. The primary benefit of usability testing is determining how much time you need to complete tasks.

Vulnerability Testing

Vulnerability testing entails identifying flaws in software, hardware, and networks. It is also known as a vulnerability assessment, and it aids in the identification of threats.

White Box Testing

White box testing is based on an examination of the component’s or system’s inner structure.

Terms used when code becomes visible to testers:

  • Open Box Testing
  • Transparent Box Testing
  • Clear Box Testing
  • Glass Box Testing
  • Code-Based Testing

XP Testing

Is used to validate Extreme Programming applications to generate quality software. XP is a framework for Agile software development.

Yellow Box Testing

Yellow box testing is used to validate the alert message. It can be used to determine whether the system is properly generating alert messages.

Zombie Testing

Zombie testing is a repetitive test execution utilizing predefined patterns and methods that turns testers into “zombie testers.” This type of testing is more concerned with documenting and reporting than with bug tracking.



As you can see, there is a lot to consider when it comes to types of software testing. However, by following the ABCs of software testing, you can be sure that you are doing everything possible to ensure the quality of your software.

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